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Everything you need to know about becoming an international teacher in Madagascar

International teachers

Living and working in Madagascar as an international teacher offers a unique and enriching experience amidst the island nation’s stunning natural beauty, rich biodiversity, and vibrant cultural heritage.

As an international teacher, you’ll be able to contribute to the education and development of Malagasy students while immersing yourself in Madagascar’s warm and welcoming people, known for their hospitality and friendliness.

In this blog, we’ll cover everything you need to know about becoming an international teacher in Madagascar, including visa requirements, cost of living, healthcare, cultural expectations and norms, and expat communities.


 Visa requirements for international teachers in Madagascar

International teachers planning to work in Nigeria will need to obtain an appropriate work visa and residence permit. The process typically begins with securing a job offer from a Malagasy educational institution, which serves as the basis for the visa application.

Alongside the job offer, you’re required to submit various documents, including a valid passport, passport-sized photos, proof of qualifications or teaching credentials, a criminal background check, and a medical certificate.

Additionally, teachers may need to provide evidence of sufficient funds to support themselves during their stay in Madagascar and proof of accommodation arrangements.

Once in Madagascar, you must register with the local authorities and apply for a residence permit, which allows them to legally reside and work in the country.

For detailed information, visit the Malagasy government website.


Cost of living for international teachers in Madagascar

Generally, Madagascar offers a relatively affordable standard of living compared to many Western countries, making it an attractive destination for educators seeking a balance between comfort and affordability.

Housing expenses constitute a significant portion of the budget, with rental prices varying based on location and amenities. Accommodations in urban areas like Antananarivo, the capital city, may be more expensive compared to rural areas, but teachers can still find affordable options to suit their budget.

Utilities such as electricity, water, and internet are typically reasonably priced, although prices may vary depending on usage and location. Groceries and dining out are also relatively affordable, with a variety of options available to suit different tastes and budgets.

Public transportation in Madagascar, such as taxis and buses, is inexpensive and widely available, providing teachers with affordable options for getting around. Additionally, healthcare costs in Madagascar are generally lower compared to many Western countries, although access to quality medical care may vary depending on location.

Cost of living in Antananarivo (USD)

Rent for one-bedroom apartment in city centre – $455 per month
Rent for one-bedroom apartment outside city centre – $140 per month
Loaf of bread – $1.25
Litre of milk – $1.00
12 eggs – $2.15
Takeaway coffee – $1.20
Meal for two at mid-range restaurant – $17.80
Meal at inexpensive restaurant – $3.90


Healthcare for international teachers in Madagascar

The healthcare system in Madagascar consists of public hospitals, private clinics, and non-profit organisations providing medical services. While some larger cities like Antananarivo and Toamasina have hospitals with basic medical facilities, access to specialised care and medical equipment may be limited.

Private health insurance typically offers access to private healthcare facilities, shorter wait times, and more personalised care. Additionally, some international schools in Madagascar may have partnerships with local healthcare providers to ensure prompt medical attention for staff and students.

It’s essential for international teachers to prioritise their health and well-being by seeking comprehensive health insurance coverage and familiarising themselves with the nearest healthcare facilities and emergency services in their area.

Preventive measures such as vaccinations, practicing good hygiene, and seeking prompt medical attention for any health concerns are crucial for maintaining health while living and working in Madagascar.

Many international schools in Madagascar offer health insurance as part of their employment package.


Cultural expectations and norms for international teachers in Madagascar

Malagasy society values respect, hospitality, and communal relationships, and international teachers are expected to embrace these values in their interactions with students, colleagues, and the local community.

Malagasy culture places a strong emphasis on oral tradition, storytelling, and respect for elders, so teachers should demonstrate deference and courtesy towards senior colleagues and community members. Additionally, punctuality is important in Malagasy culture, and teachers are expected to arrive on time for meetings, classes, and other engagements.

Madagascar is home to 18 major ethnic groups, each with its own unique customs, traditions, and languages. International teachers should strive to learn about and respect the cultural diversity of their students and colleagues, embracing opportunities for cross-cultural exchange and learning.

Religion also plays a significant role in Malagasy society, with Christianity, Islam, and indigenous beliefs being practiced. However, Madagascar is a secular state, and teachers should avoid promoting any particular religious beliefs in the classroom.


Expat communities for international teachers in Madagascar

Expat communities for international teachers in Madagascar offer valuable support networks, social connections, and resources to help navigate the challenges of living and working abroad. While Madagascar may not have as large or established expatriate communities as some other countries, expat teachers can still find camaraderie and solidarity among fellow educators from diverse backgrounds.

These communities are often centred around international schools and educational institutions in major cities like Antananarivo, Tamatave, and Mahajanga, where expat teachers may connect through school-sponsored events, social gatherings, and professional development opportunities.

Additionally, online forums, social media groups, and expat-focused websites serve as valuable platforms for information-sharing, networking, and seeking advice on various aspects of expatriate life. Expatriate organisations and clubs may organise cultural events, language exchanges, and recreational activities, providing opportunities for socialising, exploring Malagasy culture, and building friendships with both expatriates and locals.


Schrole international schools in Madagascar

Ready to find out what Madagascar has to offer you? Explore Schrole international schools in Madagascar now:

American School of Antananarivo 

Full access

To career opportunities across the globe

$50 USD per year
Paid membership
  • Ability to create a unique educator profile that holds your references and important documents, such as teaching qualifications, all in one location.
  • Access to our entire database of 400+ international schools representing 100+ countries.
  • 5,000+ teaching vacancies every recruitment season.
  • Unlimited number of job applications.
  • Custom alerts so you’re the first to hear when your preferred roles are posted.
  • Access to virtual and in-person recruitment events with school leaders and recruiters.

Limited access

To career opportunities across the globe

Free membership
  • Ability to create a unique educator profile that holds your references and important documents, such as teaching qualifications, all in one location.
  • Access to our entire database of schools to discover your next teaching role.
  • Submission of three job applications.

When we had a teacher decide to take another job in mid-July, we were left with few options. Historically, it was a tough position to fill. Within 24 hours of posting the position on Schrole, we were able to offer a contract to a more-qualified educator.

Matthew R Merritt Secondary School Principal
KPIS International School
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KPIS International School